The Nine Hills of Cambridge
Someone recently reminded me that there are 9 street names ending with hill in Cambridge. Strange for a notoriously flat town.
So where are these hills?
The hill is the site of the original Cambridge settlement, north of the River Cam. The Romans created a town called Durolipons here. It was a convenient place to cross the river. At the time it was at the head of the navigable part of the river, then known as the River Granta. As any local cyclist will know this is a ‘hill’.
Possibly a joke about a muddy area. Locals also mention the name as alluding to the Honey wagon – a euphorism for the vehicle that used to collect the night soil
Lime Kiln Hill
Another real hill. Running along a chalk outcrop near Cherry Hinton where there used to be a Limekiln.
A hoard of Roman coins were found around Lime Kiln Hill.
It is thought that this might have been called Cooks Row prior to being named Market Hill. Market Hill (aka the Market Square) is the location of the marketplace in central Cambridge. Operating as a marketplace since Saxon times, a daily outdoor market with stalls continues to run there.
This was the home of the fish market ‘peas’ may have come from the Latin pisces, a fish. Records state that this hill was once at the top of a hill that led from the River Cam. Prior to the arrival of Kings College, and other Colleges along the famous Backs, the area along the river front was teaming with wharves and warehouses and bustling locals using the river for trading purposes.
Was near the former Pound Green where stray animals were rounded up by the ‘pindar’. Part of the old outer ring of the Roman settlement.
This is where the Senate House, designed by James Gibbs in 1722, stands.
King’s Parade, with Trinity Street, was the High Street in the C16 when it was lined with shops and tenements, even after King’s College Chapel was built. In 1828, King’s
College screen was erected, sweeping away the humble buildings, and creating a
dividing line between the colleges on the west and the town on the east.
St Andrew’s Hill
Hard to find evidence of this Hill! It runs along the side of St Andrew the Great 1842-3 built on the site of a medieval church.